Arbitrarily many futures

The last page dealt with fixed numbers of futures. In the real world, we often have to work with unknown quantities.

Iterables of futures 

Once again using the temperature method defined before, we’ll create a higher-level method to work with its future values. First, we can work with Scala collections in familiar ways.

val locs = List(Location("New York", "NY"),                Location("Los Angeles", "CA"),                Location("Chicago", "IL"))val temps =  for(loc <- locs)    yield for (t <- temperature(loc))      yield (t -> loc)

Now we have a list of future city names and temperatures: List[Future[(Float, Location)]]. But if we want to compare them together, again without blocking, we want a combined future of all temps.

Future.sequence 

val hottest =  for (ts <- Future.sequence(temps))    yield ts.maxBy { _._1 }hottest()

The value ts is a future of List[(Float, Location)]; it is not available until all the component futures have completed. In the body of the for expression we’re using maxBy to find the highest temperature, the first element of the tuple.

A future of the hottest 

We can generalize this now into a single method which futures to return the name of the hottest city that you give it.

def hottest(locs: Location*) = {  val temps =    for(loc <- locs)      yield for (t <- temperature(loc))       yield (t -> loc)  for (ts <- Future.sequence(temps))    yield ts.maxBy { _._1 }._2}

When everything goes as expected, that future is fulfilled. The next section is for when things don’t go as expected.